GENEVA — The U.N.’s intellectual property agency said Monday that innovation marched forward last year despite the impact of the coronavirus outbreak. Technology, pharmaceuticals, and biotech industries boosted their investments, even as hard-hit sectors like transport and travel eased back spending. The World Intellectual Property Organization, which helps coordinate and approve international patents, trademarks, and other intellectual property, also warned that change in the overall “innovation landscape” was happening too slowly, saying a broader array of countries should benefit from it as the world rebuilds after the pandemic ebbs.
The findings released Monday emerged from WIPO’s latest innovation index report for 2020, which ranked Switzerland, Sweden, the United States, Britain, and fast-climber South Korea — driven partly from creativity like K-Pop music — as the most innovative economies. China and France edged up in the rankings, which continue to be dominated by Asia, Europe, and North America.
“Innovation is resilient — and even more resilient than we expected,” said WIPO Director General Daren Tang.
“What COVID has done is that it has disrupted certain industries, but it has accelerated certain industries,” Tang said in an interview in his office overlooking Lake Geneva. “It comes as no surprise that communications, hardware, software, ICT, these are sectors have done well” as well as the medical and biotech sectors.
The index ranks 132 countries, plus economies such as Hong Kong, and comes a year after WIPO said investments in innovation hit a record high in 2019 — an annualized rate of gain of 8.5 percent. Top technology companies like Apple, Microsoft, and Huawei increased investment on average about 10 percent last year, and venture capital investment surged — a trend continuing this year.
WIPO said. While the United States and China have primarily driven the rise in R&D in recent years, other countries like Turkey, Vietnam, India, and the Philippines — the so-called TVIP countries — have been rising consistently in the rankings over the past five years. Switzerland has always led the rankings for the past five years. Overall, the WIPO report on the index said,”“the global innovation landscape is changing too slowly. … There is an urgent need for this to change.